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Vacuum erectile devices for erection problems

Vacuum constriction devices for erectile dysfunction; VCD; Penis pump; Erection problems - penis pump; Erectile dysfunction - vacuum constriction devices; Vacuum erection devices


Vacuum erectile devices

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Men with erectile dysfunction (ED) have ongoing problems getting and keeping an erection that is firm enough for intercourse. A vacuum erectile device (VED) is used to help men with erectile dysfunction get and maintain an erection. These devices are also called vacuum constriction devices or penis pumps.

A VED consists of the following:

The tube is placed over the penis, and the pump is used to create a vacuum, which draws blood into the penis so that it becomes erect. The band is placed at the base of the penis to help maintain the erection.

How to Use a Vacuum Erection Device

VEDs may vary somewhat depending on the manufacturer. Be sure to read the instructions before using. Below are general instructions for how to use the device.

It may take a few weeks to gain the proper technique when using the device. The device may come with constriction bands in different sizes. Use the largest possible to maintain an erection.

Despite claims by some manufacturers, using a VED will not increase the size of the penis over time. It may preserve penile length when used for treatment of ED caused by prostate surgery.

VED Side Effects

You may notice some side effects from using the VED.

When to use VEDs

Vacuum erection devices can be used by men with ED due to:

While VEDs are generally safe, talk with your doctor before using a VED if you:

When to Call the Doctor

You should call your health care provider if you notice:


Burnett AL, Nehra A, Breau RH, et al, eds. Erectile Dysfunction: AUA Guideline. J Urol. 2018 Sep;200(3):633-641. Epub 2018 May 7. PMID: 29746858

Holman JR. Vacuum devices for erectile dysfunction. In: Fowler GC, ed. Pfenninger and Fowler's Procedures for Primary Care. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 108.

Burnett AL, Ramasamy R. Evaluation and management of erectile dysfunction. In: Partin AW, Dmochowski RR, Kavoussi LR, Peters CA, eds. Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 69.


Review Date: 1/17/2022  

Reviewed By: Kelly L. Stratton, MD, FACS, Associate Professor, Department of Urology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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