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Dementia - behavior and sleep problems

Sundowning - care

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Alzheimer disease

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Description

People with dementia, often have certain problems when it gets dark at the end of the day and into the night. This problem is called sundowning. The problems that get worse include:

Tips for Behavior and Sleep Problems

Having a daily routine may help. Calmly reassuring and giving cues to orient the person who has dementia is also helpful in the evening and closer to bedtime. Try to keep the person going to bed at the same time every night.

Calm activities at the end of the day and before bedtime may help the person with dementia sleep better at night. If they are active during the day, these calm activities can make them tired and better able to sleep.

Avoid loud noises and activity in the home at night, so the person does not wake up once they are asleep.

Do not restrain a person with dementia when they are in bed. If you are using a hospital bed that has guard rails in the home, putting the rails up may help keep the person from wandering at night.

Always talk with the person's health care provider before giving them store-bought sleep medicines. Many sleep aids can make confusion worse.

If the person with dementia has hallucinations (sees or hears things that are not there):

Take the person to places where they can move around and exercise during the day, such as shopping malls.

If the person who has dementia has an angry outburst, try not to touch or restrain them -- only do so if you need to for safety. If possible, try to stay calm and distract the person during outbursts. Do not take their behavior personally. Call 911 or the local emergency number if you or the person with dementia is in danger.

Try to prevent them from getting hurt if they start wandering.

Also, try to keep the person's home stress-free.

When to Call the Doctor

Call the person's provider if:

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References

Budson AE, Solomon PR. Evaluating the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. In: Budson AE, Solomon PR, eds. Memory Loss, Alzheimer's Disease, and Dementia: A Practical Guide for Clinicians. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 21.

National Institute on Aging website. Managing personality and behavior changes in Alzheimer's. www.nia.nih.gov/health/managing-personality-and-behavior-changes-alzheimers. Updated May 17, 2017. Accessed April 25, 2020.

National Institute on Aging website. 6 tips for managing sleep problems in Alzheimer's. www.nia.nih.gov/health/6-tips-managing-sleep-problems-alzheimers. Updated May 17, 2017. Accessed April 25, 2020.

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Review Date: 4/25/2020  

Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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