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Abdomen - swollen

Swollen belly; Swelling in the abdomen; Abdominal distention; Distended abdomen

A swollen abdomen is when your belly area is bigger than usual.

I Would Like to Learn About:

Causes

Abdominal swelling, or distention, is more often caused by overeating than by a serious illness. This problem also can be caused by:

Home Care

A swollen abdomen that is caused by eating a heavy meal will go away when you digest the food. Eating smaller amounts will help prevent swelling.

For a swollen abdomen caused by swallowing air:

For a swollen abdomen caused by malabsorption, try changing your diet and limiting milk. Talk to your health care provider.

For irritable bowel syndrome:

For a swollen abdomen due to other causes, follow the treatment prescribed by your provider.

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your provider if:

What to Expect at Your Office Visit

Your provider will perform a physical exam and ask questions about your medical history, such as when the problem began and when it occurs.

The provider will also ask about other symptoms you may be having, such as:

Tests that may be done include:

Related Information

Abdominal girth
Weight gain – unintentional
Premenstrual syndrome

References

McQuaid KR. Approach to the patient with gastrointestinal disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 132.

Raftery AT, Lim E, Östör AJK. Abdominal swellings. In: Raftery AT, Lim E, Östör AJK, eds. Churchill's Pocketbook of Differential Diagnosis. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2014:10-25.

Squires R, Carter SN, Postier RG. Acute abdomen. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 45.

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Review Date: 10/8/2018  

Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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