Birth control options for women

An in-depth report on the birth control options available to women.

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References

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 206: Use of hormonal contraception in women with coexisting medical conditions. Obstet Gynecol. 2019;133(2):396-399. PMID : 30681537 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30681537.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 112: Emergency contraception. Obstet Gynecol. 2010;115(5):1100-1109. PMID: 20410799 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20410799.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 121: Long-acting reversible contraception: Implants and intrauterine devices. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;118(1):184-196. PMID: 21691183 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21691183.

Committee on Adolescent Health Care. Committee Opinion No 699: Adolescent pregnancy, contraception, and sexual activity. Obstet Gynecol. 2017;129(5):e142-e149. PMID: 28426620 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28426620.

Curtis KM, Jatlaoui TC, Tepper NK, et al. U.S. selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use, 2016. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2016;65(4):1-66. PMID: 27467319 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27467319.

Curtis KM, Tepper NK, Jatlaoui TC, et al. U.S. medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use, 2016. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2016;65(3):1-103. PMID: 27467196 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27467196.

Curtis KM, Peipert JF. Long-acting reversible contraception. N Engl J Med. 2017;376(5):461-468. PMID: 28146650 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28146650.

Gallo MF, Legardy-Williams J, Hylton-Kong T, et al. Association of progestin contraceptive implant and weight gain. Obstet Gynecol. 2016;127(3):573-576. PMID: 26855107 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26855107.

Gavin L, Moskosky S, Carter M, et al. Providing quality family planning services: Recommendations of CDC and the U.S. Office of Population Affairs. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2014;63(RR-04):1-54. PMID 24759690 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24759690.

Glasier A. Contraception. In: Jameson JL, De Groot LJ, de Kretser DM, et al, eds. Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 134.

Isley MM, Katz VL. Postpartum care and long-term health considerations. In: Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, et al, eds. Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 23.

Jatlaoui TC, Ermias Y, Zapata LB. Contraception. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 143.

Lopez LM, Bernholc A, Chen M, et al. Hormonal contraceptives for contraception in overweight or obese women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;(8):CD008452. PMID: 27537097 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27537097.

Lopez LM, Grimes DA, Gallo MF, Stockton LL, Schulz KF. Skin patch and vaginal ring versus combined oral contraceptives for contraception. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(4):CD003552. PMID: 23633314 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23633314.

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Secura GM, Madden T, McNicholas C, et al. Provision of no-cost, long-acting contraception and teenage pregnancy. N Engl J Med. 2014;371(14):1316-1323. PMID 25271604 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25271604.

Tepper NK, Krashin JW, Curtis KM, Cox S, Whiteman MK. Update to CDC's U.S. medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use, 2016: Revised recommendations for the use of hormonal contraception among women at high risk for HIV infection. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017;66(37):990-994. PMID: 28934178 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28934178.

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Review Date: 7/20/2019  

Reviewed By: John D. Jacobson, MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda Center for Fertility, Loma Linda, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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