Sinusitis

An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of sinusitis.

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References

Benninger MS, Stokken JK. Acute rhinosinusitis: pathogenesis, treatment, and complications. In: Flint PW, Haughey BH, Lund V, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 46.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Sinus infection (sinusitis). www.cdc.gov/antibiotic-use/community/for-patients/common-illnesses/sinus-infection.html. Updated August 27, 2019. Accessed November 5, 2019.

Chong LY, Head K, Hopkins C, Philpott C, Burton MJ, Schilder AG. Different types of intranasal steroids for chronic rhinosinusitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;4:CD011993. PMID: 27115215 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27115215.

Chow AW, Benninger MS, Brook I, et al. IDSA clinical practice guideline for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children and adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54(8):e72-e112. PMID: 22438350 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22438350.

DeMuri GP. Wald ER. Sinusitis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 62.

Harris AM, Hicks LA, Qaseem A; High Value Care Task Force of the American College of Physicians and for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Appropriate antibiotic use for acute respiratory tract infection in adults: advice for high-value care from the American College of Physicians and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Ann Intern Med. 2016;164(6):425-434. PMID: 26785402 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26785402.

Head K, Chong LY, Piromchai P, et al. Systemic and topical antibiotics for chronic rhinosinusitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;4:CD011994. PMID: 27113482 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27113482.

Hersh AL, Jackson MA, Hicks LA; American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases. Principles of judicious antibiotic prescribing for upper respiratory tract infections in pediatrics. Pediatrics. 2013;132(6):1146-1154. PMID: 24249823 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24249823.

Kozak FK, Ospina JC, Cardenas MF. Characteristics of Normal and Abnormal Postnatal Craniofacial Growth and Development. In: Flint PW, Haughey BH, Lund V, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 185.

Lemiengre MB, van Driel ML, Merenstein D, et al. Antibiotics for acute rhinosinusitis in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018;9:CD006089. PMID: 30198548 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30198548.

Lopez SMC, Williams JV. The common cold. In: Kliegman RM, St Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 407.

Luk LJ, DelGaudio JM. Topical Drug Therapies for Chronic Rhinosinusitis. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2017;50(3):533-543. PMID: 28389018 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28389018.

Pappas DE, Hendley JO. Sinusitis. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 408.

Rosenfeld RM, Piccirillo JF, Chandrasekhar SS, et al. Clinical practice guideline (update): adult sinusitis executive summary. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;152(4):598-609. PMID: 25833927 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25833927.

Rosenfeld RM. CLINICAL PRACTICE. Acute sinusitis in adults. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(10):962-970. PMID: 27602668 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27602668.

Sedaghat AR. Chronic Rhinosinusitis. Am Fam Physician. 2017;96(8):500-506. PMID: 29094889 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29094889.

Treanor JJ. Influenza viruses (including avian influenza and swine influenza). In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 165.

US Food & Drug Administration website. FDA Drug Safety Communication: FDA advises restricting fluoroquinolone antibiotic use for certain uncomplicated infections; warns about disabling side effects that can occur together. www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-safety-and-availability/fda-drug-safety-communication-fda-advises-restricting-fluoroquinolone-antibiotic-use-certain. Updated September 25, 2018. Accessed November 4, 2019.

US Food & Drug Administration website. Use caution when giving cough and cold products to kids. www.fda.gov/drugs/special-features/use-caution-when-giving-cough-and-cold-products-kids. Updated February 08, 2018. Accessed November 4, 2019.

Wald ER, Applegate KE, Bordley C, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of acute bacterial sinusitis in children aged 1 to 18 years. Pediatrics. 2013;132(1):e262-e280. PMID: 23796742 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23796742.

Wyler B, Mallon WK. Sinusitis update. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2019;37(1):41-54. PMID: 30454779 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30454779.

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Review Date: 12/7/2019  

Reviewed By: Josef Shargorodsky, MD, MPH, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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